Civil & Criminal Contempt of Court

Contempt of Court in India | Criminal Contempt of court | Civil Contempt of court

Rajendra Civil Law Firm provides legal services for both civil and criminal contempt of court cases. Contempt of court refers to any conduct that opposes the authority, justice, and dignity of the court. The law firm offers the best legal representation for clients involved in such cases, ensuring that their rights and interests are protected. With a team of experienced and knowledgeable lawyers, Rajendra Civil Law Firm can help clients navigate the complexities of contempt of court cases and achieve favourable outcomes.

Find the Best Lawyers for Contempt of Court in Chennai India

Just winning a case is not enough. You must follow up and fulfil your desire. That will happen only when you file and get the Contempt of court when the order of the Honorable court. Find the Best Lawyers for Contempt of Court in Chennai India. Rajendra Criminal Law Firm is one of the best Legal offices to attain an order for Contempt of Court.


Introduction: Anything that abridges or impedes the freedom of judicial procedures. It should need to bring about the hampering of the organization of Law. And in meddling with the proper way of justice. This essentially comprises contempt. Oswald characterizes contempt to be established by any lead. That will in general bring the position and organization of Law into lack of respect. Even ignore or meddle with or prejudice parties or their observers.

What is CONTEMPT OF COURT? | Best Criminal Lawyers in Chennai India

Halsbury says contempt as comprising of words verbally expressed or composed. That block or will in general discourage the organization of justice.

Dark Odgers articulates that it is contempt to distribute words that will bring the organization of Justice into contempt. To prejudice the fair trial of any reason or matter which is the subject of Civil or Criminal.

Indian Law

Under Section 2(a) of the Contempt of Courts Act of 1971

Contempt of court as civil contempt or criminal contempt. It is felt that the current law with contempt of courts is to some degree questionable. Also vague and unsuitable. The purview to rebuff for contempt addresses two significant key privileges of the residents. To be specific, the privilege to individual freedom and the privilege to freedom of expression.

Law Point

For the idea of Contempt, the Contempt of Court Act, of 1971 was passed which managed such an idea. Articles 129 and 215 of the Constitution of India. It enables the Supreme Court and High Court respectively to rebuff individuals. Section 10 of The Contempt of Courts Act of 1971 characterizes the intensity of the High Court. To rebuff contempt of its subordinate courts. Capacity to rebuff for contempt of court under Articles 129 and 215 isn’t liable to Article 19(1)(a).


The components for the most part expected to build up contempt are:

1. the creation of a legitimate court order,

2. information on the order by the respondent,

3. capacity of the respondent to deliver complaince, and

4. willful insubordination of the order.


The Limitation time frame for activities of contempt has been talked about under Section 20 of the Contempt of Courts Act of 1971. And is a time of one year from the date on which the contempt is asserted to have been submitted.

Source of Contempt of Court

The legitimate framework that we see today is the highest point of the long excursion. It has begun from the perfect standard that was in a declaration to the common law. And all the further to the positive law that we see today. Contempt of Court is an issue which respects that justice ought to be controlled fairly. And it additionally punishes anyone who means to hurt the authority of the judiciary. This law has its inception from the medieval occasions when the illustrious forces of the ruler were moved to the court. And right now the ruler was accepted to be named by God and everybody was responsible to him.

Source of Contempt of Court | Top Criminal Advocates in Chennai India

This intensity of responsibility plainly delineates a similar responsibility. The Supreme Court has these days under Articles 129 and 142 of the Indian constitution. In the English medieval ages, the Judiciary was a significant instrument of the Monarch.

Around then these appointed authorities and councils were delegates of the principal government. And these adjudicators and assemblies assumed the job of legitimizing the elements of the rulers. The lord was the prevalent head of justice. And this force he has given to the judicial framework. In the event that anybody or the ruler himself lack regard or question the courts it turned into a test of the prevalence of the lord.

Types of Contempt of Court in India

Contingent upon the idea of the case in India, Contempt is of two sorts.

  • Civil Contempt
  • Criminal Contempt

Civil Contempt

Section 2(a) of the Contempt of Court Act, 1971 states

Civil Contempt is wilful insubordination to the request, order, or heading. Any judgment or writ of the Court by any individual or resolutely break of endeavours. Since Civil Contempt denies a party of the advantage for which the order was made. So these are the offenses basic of private nature.

Utpal Kumar Das v. Court of the Munsiff, Kamrup. This is the situation of the non-delivering of help. In spite of the fact that the court has requested to deliver help. Pronouncement executed by the court to convey steadfast property. But since of certain checks, the respondent neglected to do as such.

Henceforth, he was held obligated for comprising noncompliance. To the sets of the skillful Civil Court.

Criminal Contempt

As per Section 2(c) of the Contempt of Court Act, 1971,

Criminal Contempt of court is Defined as

(i) the distribution of any issue by words, spoken or composed, or by motion, or by signs, or by obvious portrayal or

(ii) doing of any demonstration which incorporates:

a) Scandalize or will in general embarrass, or brings or tends down to bring down the authority of any court, or

b) Biasness meddles or will in general meddle with the proper method of a Judicial procedure, or

c) hinders or will in general impede, meddle. Or will in general meddle with the organization of justice in any way.

Case on Scandalizing the Court:

Jaswant Singh v. Virender Singh

In this situation an advocate disparaging and shocking assault on the appointed authority of the High Court. An application was documented as a political race solicitor in the High Court, who was a promoter. He needed to look to remain for contentions in a political decision appeal. And furthermore the exchange of political race petitions. These things cause an assault on the judicial continuing of the High Court. And would in general embarrass the Court. It was held in this situation that it was an endeavour to scare the Judge of the High Court. And cause an interface in the direction of a fair trial.

Frequently Asked Questions [FAQs] Contempt of Court | Leading Criminal Attorneys in Chennai Tamil Nadu India

Frequently Asked Questions [FAQs] Contempt of Court

What is the punishment for contempt of court?

Section 12 of the Contempt of Court Act, 1971 arrangements with the discipline for Contempt of Court. High Court and the Supreme Court have been enabled to punish somebody for the Contempt of Court. In fact, The Act expresses that an individual who claimed the Contempt of Court can be punished with basic detainment. Moreover, this detainment can reach out to a half year. Or with a fine which may stretch out to 2,000 rupees or can be of both sorts of discipline. In any case, the blame might be released. Or the discipline that was granted to him possibly transmitted depending on the prerequisite. That in the event that he makes an expression of remorse. And this statement of regret ought to fulfil the court, at that point no one but he can be absolved. Clarification of this sentence is that in the event that the charge made an expression in real, at that point this statement of regret will not be dismissed on the ground that it is restrictive or qualified.

What is a third party’s role in a Contempt of Court case?

A third party to the procedure might be liable for contempt of court if they have a section to play in the offense.

What are the solutions for contempt of court?

Section 13 has been included in the Contempt of Court Act, of 1971 after correction in 2006. The new Act might be known as The Contempt of Court (Amendment) Act, 2006. This Section tells that contempt of court can’t be punished in specific situations or certain cases. Section 13 of the Contempt of Court (Amendment) Act, 2006 states No Court under this Act will be punished for Contempt of Court. Except if it is fulfilled that the Contempt is of such a nature, that it generously meddles. or will in general significantly meddle with the proper way of Justice.

Does simply criticizing a court choice fall under “contempt of court” in India?

Relies upon what setting you wish to scrutinize the Supreme Court. Any type of Fair Criticism, which is in accordance with some basic honesty. And doesn’t sabotage the Supreme Court is allowed and ensured under Law.

Would you be able to be condemned for contempt of court without a trial?

“Contempt of court” alludes to activities which either resist a court’s power. Cast affront on a court, or obstruct the capacity of the court to play out its capacity. Contempt is commonly civil or criminal however that requires extra clarification. There are contempt procedures in both civil and criminal procedures. And contempt can be either criminal or civil; and direct versus circuitous. In this way, you can be found in civil contempt in a criminal continuing. And liable for criminal contempt in a civil continuing.

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